Basic steps for writing a research paper

college research paper outline

Another key to crafting a strong thesis statement is making sure that your thesis is arguable. A thesis is a short statement that you — as researcher and author — put forward for the readers of your paper as what you are trying to explain or prove. The outline should serve as a road map for your journey with your thesis as your navigator — it tells you where to go.

It can be changed and revised to allow you to prove your thesis more effectively. Keep track of your reference materials so you can cite them and build your bibliography later. Most research papers fall into one of three categories: analytical, expository, or argumentative.

Research paper format

Arrange and rearrange ideas to follow your outline. While research librarians can help you more with your research, writing center staff can help you actually write your research paper. Access the materials. Conclude the introductory paragraph with your thesis statement. Any unnecessary or repetitious words? Finalize the thesis statement and prepare a working outline. More than likely, they are giving you an opportunity to learn something. Learning often involves trial-and-error, making mistakes, and asking lots of questions. Your teacher will appreciate and respect your preparedness, and it will likely impact your grades positively. Thorough research, thoughtful organization and presentation, and attention to detail in your developmental and final line edit will help you succeed in crafting a winning research paper. Get someone else to read it over. Do you have a clear, arguable thesis statement?

Like research, different people have different preferences here. Now create a sentence that includes all the keywords that you have listed and delete the unnecessary words.

how to write a research paper step by step pdf

If you are bored with the topic, you will probably bore your reader as well. Look in the card catalog for books, videos, audiocassettes, the vertical file, etc. How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper Most research papers end with restarting their thesis statements.

See Steps eight and nine for more information about proofreading and editing.

how to write a research paper introduction

You carefully organized your paper when you created an outline. Craft a strong opening sentence that will engage the reader.

Basic steps for writing a research paper

Are all my citations accurate and in correct format? Step four is all about getting organized. You may emphasize the significance of your findings as well. The identification of source is particularly important in your attempts to avoid plagiarism. So, just to be clear: you can use Wikipedia as a starting point in your research, but you should not cite Wikipedia as one of the primary sources for your research paper. Did a cook attempt to assassinate George Washington by feeding him poisoned tomatoes? Everything you learn may be fascinating, but not all of it is going to be relevant to your paper. Reorganize your outline if necessary, but always keep the purpose of your paper and your readers in mind. If you have already written a paper, go over this checklist to ensure that it is ready to turn in. Mark each card or sheet of paper clearly with your outline code or reference, e. Your paper may evolve, so keep it fluid, but do remember to stay focused on your thesis statement and proving your points. Read the assignment sheet again to be sure that you understand fully what is expected of you, and that your essay meets the requirements as specified by your teacher. Once you have read your research paper for a final time and double checked that your paper does everything the assignment is asking for, it is time to submit.
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Ten Steps for Writing a Research Paper