An analysis of ralph and piggy in the mountain in lord of the flies by william golding

Also in Chapter Two, Golding introduces more symbols that will recur throughout the novel and which highlight important developments in the dramatic action.

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Even in this tense moment, politeness is his default. It is significant that the development he is most supportive of is building a fire, which is by nature destructive even though it can be used for good.

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Ralph points out the bright side, the adventure inherent in their situation. In this scene, Golding implies that every individual, however strong his or her instinct toward civilization and order, has an undeniable, innate drive toward savagery as well. On the mountaintop, the boys find a huge patch of dead wood and start a fire, using Piggy's eyeglasses. They dance, chant, and jab Robert with their spears, eventually losing sight of the fact that they are only playing a game. Ralph, Jack, and Simon excitedly describe to the others their encounter with the piglet, Jack insisting defensively that it "got away" before he had the chance to stab and kill it, and vowing again to kill it "next time. A massive bonfire that quickly burns itself out results. Once the boys, having mistaken the dead parachutist for a monster, come to believe fully in the existence of the beast, all the remaining power of civilization and culture on the island diminishes rapidly. Piggy does so through his constant fatalism. Thus, a process for order and civil discourse is established. Robert, the boy who stands in for the boar in the reenactment, is nearly killed as the other boys again get caught up in their excitement and lose sight of the limits of the game in their mad desire to kill. He states that, in meetings, the boys will have to raise their hands, like in school, so as to ensure that they speak one at a time. Excited, they reenact the chase among themselves with a boy named Robert playing the boar. Piggy, whose pessimism and sadness make him a likely martyr, is established in this chapter as a prophet whose words are not heeded until it is too late. He synthesizes and applies Piggy 's intellectualism, and he recognizes the false fears and superstitions as barriers to their survival.

Both Jack and Piggy contribute to this sense of dread. In exchange for his innocence, he has gained an understanding of humankind's natural character, an understanding not heretofore available to him: that evil is universally present in all people and requires a constant resistance by the intellect that was Piggy, by the mysticism and spiritualism that was Simon, and by the hopes and dreams that are his.

Piggy, disheartened by the waste of their only firewood, chastises Jack, and the two argue bitterly.

An analysis of ralph and piggy in the mountain in lord of the flies by william golding

His statement that they are "not savages" will, by the end of the novel, appear deeply ironic as Jack and his tribe devolve into unthinkable depths of brutality and self-destruction. As befits a power struggle in a savage group, the conflict between Ralph and Jack manifests itself not as a competition to prove who would be the better leader but instead as a competition of sheer strength and courage. Jack relishes the idea of rules as a means for control and for punishment, a reflection of his dictatorial ethos and tendency toward violence. Just as Ralph boldly climbed the hill alone to prove his bravery in the previous chapter, Jack goes up the mountain alone now. Despite Piggy's clear thinking and appraisal of their situation, his contentious manner and rude dismissal of the younger boys unfortunately causes his ideas to be dismissed. He assures them that, as his Naval Commander father told him, there are no unknown islands on the planet, and thus they will be rescued. At this point, probably none of them—except possibly Jack and Roger—would go so far as to actually carry out such a plan. Ralph takes a rational perspective based on ideas of justice: the rules will allow the boys to live fairly with one another, a belief that fits well with his democratic sensibility.

Terrified and troubled by the apparition, Simon collapses in a faint. Jack relishes the idea of rules as a means for control and for punishment, a reflection of his dictatorial ethos and tendency toward violence.

Although he becomes worn down by the hardships and fears of primitive life and is gradually infected by the savagery of the other boys, Ralph is the only character who identifies Simon's death as murder and has a realistic, unvarnished view of his participation.

Jack and Piggy have differing perspectives on what particular end Ralph's rules will serve.

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Chapter Two contains the first example of Piggy's prophecy: after the trip to the mountain, one of the boys seems to be missing. Piggy, grabbing the conch from Ralph, reprimands Jack for "hindering Ralph.

He views all aspects of the boys' behavior on the island in terms of whether they will contribute to their eventual rescue.

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Ralph blows the conch to call the other boys back to assembly and describes the results of the exploration. He feels both loathing and excitement over the kill he witnessed. Piggy, as the most intelligent of the three central characters, views the rules as useful tools for survival. It is here that Ralph best demonstrates his superiority for leadership, displaying the most calm of any of the characters and encouraging the others to be confident in their rescue. Jack snatches the glasses from Piggy, who can barely see without them. Jack interrupts to approve of the imposition of rules, and he begins excitedly explaining the punishment that will result from breaking them. A boy named Maurice suggests that they use green branches to ignite the fire. Ralph suggests that they build a fire on the top of the mountain, for the smoke will signal their presence to passing ships. When fear sets in among some of the younger boys, only Ralph has the presence to restore order and hope. While Piggy has the conch, he loses his temper again, telling the other boys they should have listened to his earlier orders to build shelters first while a fire is of secondary importance. Ralph, who has seen what he thinks is the beast, is listless and depressed, unsure of how to reconcile his civilized ideals with the sight he saw on the mountaintop. When "[w]ith a convulsion of the mind, Ralph discovered dirt and decay," he is symbolically discovering humankind's dark side. Jack volunteers his hunters to maintain a signal fire.
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Lord of the Flies: Summary & Analysis Chapter 2